¿Qué es exactamente el mantillo?

What exactly is the mulch?

The mulch, also known as Mulch in English, is a material that is placed on the surface of the soil in gardens, parks, orchards or agricultural fields with several purposes. It can be organic or inorganic and has multiple benefits for the soil and plants. Here I explain more in detail:

Types of mulch:

  1. Organic: Includes materials such as dry leaves, straw, tree bark, wooden chips, compost, manure and other plant waste. This type of mulch breaks over time, improving the soil structure and adding nutrients.

  2. Inorganic: Understand materials such as stones, gravel, plastics or geotextile fabrics. These materials are not broken down and are usually used for decorative purposes or to control erosion and weed growth.

Mantillo Benefits:

  1. Moisture conservation: It helps retain soil moisture, reducing the need for frequent irrigation.

  2. Weed control: The mulch can suppress the growth of weeds when blocking the necessary sunlight for its germination.

  3. Soil improvement: Organic mulch breaks down over time, enriching the soil with nutrients and improving its structure and fertility.

  4. Protection against erosion: It helps protect the soil against erosion caused by wind and water.

  5. Soil temperature regulation: Maintain the freshest soil in summer and warmer in winter, providing a more stable growth environment for plants.

  6. Aesthetic appearance: Inorganic mulch, such as gravel or cortex, can improve the appearance of splints and landscaped areas.

  7. Disease prevention: Some types of mulch can reduce the incidence of certain diseases in plants by preventing soil spores from splashing the leaves during the rain.

Use of the mulch:

The mulch is usually applied to a layer of a few centimeters thick on the soil surface around the plants, trees or on all of a split. It is important not to pile up the mulch against the trunks of the trees or the base of the plants to avoid moisture and disease problems.

In summary, the mulch is a versatile and beneficial tool in gardening and agriculture, both to improve soil health and to facilitate garden maintenance.

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