Acidos humicos y fulvicos, porque son tan buenos para suelos de cultivo

Humic and fulvic acids, because they are so good for crop soils

Humic and fulvic acids are complex organic compounds found in soils and sediments. These compounds are essential for soil fertility, as they improve soil structure, nutrient retention, and plant growth.

This information is important to agricultural professionals, scientists, environmental engineers, and others interested in sustainable agriculture. In this article, humic and fulvic acids will be analyzed from a chemical point of view, as well as their practical applications in agriculture.

1. What are humic and fulvic acids?

Humic and fulvic acids are a form of intermediate organic matter found in soils, humus, sediment, and water. These substances are formed when organic matter decomposes by the action of microorganisms and other natural processes. These acids have a complex molecular structure and a high content of mineral elements such as nitrogen, potassium, iron, copper and zinc. This gives them special properties that make them useful for maintaining healthy soils and growing plants.

2. How do humic and fulvic acids act in agricultural soils?

Humic and fulvic acids are important for soil fertility, as they help improve nutrient uptake, increase the number of beneficial microorganisms, and stabilize soil acidity. These substances also help retain water in the soil, thus improving irrigation conditions for plants. In addition, they have a positive effect on plant production by stimulating growth and resistance to diseases.

3. Benefits that humic and fulvic acids provide to crops.

Humic and fulvic acids offer numerous advantages for crops. These substances improve the soil's ability to retain essential nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. They also stimulate plant root growth, allowing better access to nutrients and water. In addition, they contribute to improving resistance to diseases, which reduces the use of pesticides. These properties allow obtaining more productive crops with lower production costs.

4. In which minerals can we find these acids?

Humic and fulvic acids are found mainly in minerals such as kaolin, clay, limonite, feldspar, and silica sand. These substances are naturally produced during the decomposition of organic materials such as plant or animal remains in soils rich in these mineral particles. Humic and fulvic acids can also be artificially produced by chemical processing of certain mineral sources.

5. How do fulvic humic acids work?

Humic and fulvic acids are organically complex compounds with specific chemical properties that allow them to act as absorbent agents, plant growth stimulants, and pathogen inhibitors.

This combination of properties gives them numerous benefits for maintaining the nutritional balance of the soil and the healthy development of the crop. In addition, these substances contain numerous essential mineral elements for plant development, which makes them an excellent source of nutrients for plants.

Humic and fulvic acids are a vital part of the soil that help improve soil quality, promote plant growth, and increase the availability of nutrients in the soil.

These compounds play an important role in maintaining a healthy and stable ecosystem and are a natural way to improve soil fertility.

Therefore, humic and fulvic acids are essential for sustainable agriculture and the production of healthy food for human consumption.

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