Cubiertas Vegetales en Olivares y Viñedos: Beneficios y Estrategias

Vegetable covers in olive groves and vineyards: benefits and strategies

Agriculture is an ancient activity that has adapted over time to improve production and protect our natural resources. In that context, vegetable covers have emerged as an innovative agricultural technique that offers a series of significant benefits, especially in olive groves and vineyards. In this article, we will explore in detail what the vegetable covers, the specific types used in these crops, and the objectives pursued when implementing this practice are.

What are vegetable covers?

Vegetable covers, also known as vegetation coverage, are an agricultural technique that implies the cultivation of specific plants in the space between trees in olive groves or vines. These plants can be herbs, legumes, grasses or other adequate varieties. The choice of plants depends on the local conditions and objectives of the farmer.

Types of vegetable covers in olive groves and vineyards:

There are several types of vegetable roofs that can be implemented in olive groves and vineyards, and the choice will depend on the specific objectives of each farmer. Next, some common types are mentioned:

  1. Erosion vegetation and soil conservation: This type of plant cover focuses on preventing soil erosion and maintaining your health. Herbs and legumes are often used that have a strong and dense root system to stabilize the soil and reduce the loss of nutrients.

  2. Vegetable cover for weed control: Here, the main objective is to reduce the competition of weeds. Fast growth and high density plants are chosen that compete with weeds by sunlight and nutrients, reducing the need for chemical herbicides.

  3. Biodiversity vegetation cover: Some farmers opt for vegetable covers that foster biodiversity on their farms. These covers can include a variety of native plants that attract beneficial insects and birds, creating an ecological balance in the environment.

Benefits of vegetable covers:

Vegetable covers offer a series of crucial benefits in olive groves and vineyards:

  1. Soil conservation: Prevents erosion and improves soil health.

  2. Weed control: Reduces the need for chemical herbicides.

  3. Temperature regulation: It helps maintain optimal temperatures on the ground.

  4. Moisture conservation: Avoid excessive water evaporation and improve moisture retention.

  5. Biodiversity improvement: It encourages the presence of beneficial organisms.

  6. Soil quality: It provides organic matter and improves soil structure.


Vegetable covers have become an essential tool in sustainable agriculture, offering numerous benefits to olive groves and vineyards. The choice of the vegetation cover and its implementation will depend on the specific objectives of each farmer and the local conditions of the soil. Ultimately, this technique helps improve agricultural production and preserve natural resources, which is essential for a more sustainable and healthy agricultural future.

Vigns Vegetable Coubert

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